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Wavetra Energy Academy Advanced solar inverter installation training course outline curriculum

Wavetra Energy Academy ADVANCED SOLAR TRAINING

COURSE OUTLINE

Learning Outcomes:

We hope that at the end of this course, you the participant will understand basic electrical concepts and electrical system installation and also learn how to install solar panels, Inverters, batteries and the complete system. You will also learn the trouble shooting, repair and diagnosis of the Solar charge controller, Inverter, solar panels and deep cycle batteries. We want to launch you into a powerful career in renewable energy and because of that, we are giving out additional during the training and we shall take you through the principles of solar technology with great EMPHASIS on the practical/hands-on training on how to install a complete solar system. We shall also teach you the BUSINESS side of this amazing technology.

At the end of the course, you would be able to do the following:

WHAT YOU’LL LEARN:

SOLAR:

How to install Solar Panels for clients/Practical Hand-on Training on ON- GRID, OFF -GRID and GRID - TIE SYSTEM
Understand and identify the various types of Solar Panels: Polycrystalline, Amorphous & Monocrystalline Technologies.
Sizing of solar panels
Parallel, series and parallel-series connection of panels
Understanding, sizing and installation of solar charge controllers
Roof mounting techniques and accessories
Energy Efficiency, Energy Auditing, System design

INVERTER/BATTERY SYSTEM:

Inverter/Trouble shooting techniques
How to repair Inverters – board replacement and components repair techniques
Understand Inverter Load & Power Estimations & Calculations
Learn about Battery technology and types of batteries
Understand Types of Inverter and specification
Basic semiconductor devices
Introduction to electronic circuit design
How to write Solar Business proposal
Acquire entrepreneurial skills on how to launch your own career in Solar/Renewable energy.

SOFTWARE:

Google SketchUp application
Solar installation applications
Digital Marketing Introduction

Target audience:

This course is aimed at college Students, graduates, NYSC members, Engineers, Home owners, Architects, Property Developers, Consultants, anyone that has interest in Renewable energy or who want, to have a good understanding of Solar Photovoltaic.

Prerequisites:

A basic knowledge of O’Level Physics, electricity or experience of renewable energy is an advantage.

A basic knowledge of electrical engineering will be an advantage, but it is not compulsory for the participation to the course.

MODULE 1: ELECTRICAL SAFETY – 1 WEEK

WEEK 1

INTRODUCTION TO ELECTRICAL SAFETY METHODS AND TOOLS

TRAINING DAY 1

Basics of Safety
Preparing for Hazards in the workplace
Step Voltage due to Lightening
Fighting Electrical fires

TRAINING DAY 2

Electrical shocks
Artificial Respiration methods
Lifting and shifting of Equipment
Personal safety and Emergence response
Personnel protection and common hazards
Emergency response procedures

TRAINING DAY 3

Different tools & tackles used for specific purpose in an installation and maintenance of Solar PV and electrical system
Identify Tools & Tackles used for civil/mechanical installation
Understand the Typical faults, their causes and resolution for all components
continuity checks, polarity check, Voltage, Current, DC and AC Power. Measurement of
Electrical Quantities and other O&M activities

TRAINING DAY 4

Over view of Personal and site Safety
Understand the DO’s and Don’ts of material handling;
Potential risk in solar PV plant and its individual component
Understand Occupational health & Safety standards and regulations for installation of solar PV system and electrical system

TRAINING DAY 5

Revision
Practical Demonstration

MODULE 2: BASICS OF ELECTRICAL POWER AND TECHNOLOGY – 3 WEEKS

WEEK 2

TRAINING DAY 01

BASIC POWER ELECTRONICS AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES

Passive and active components in UPS, and stabilizers
Testing of components with a digital multi –meter in Inverters
Identification of components in circuit diagram and replacements
Use of soldering Iron and Temperature Regulators
MOSFETs and its applications
Capacitors and its applications

Practical Exercise: physical identification of components and their numbers/ratings

TRAINING DAY 02

Resistors and Colour Codes

Resistor and capacitor rating and tolerance

Basic Semiconductor Devices

MOSFETs
DIAC
TRIAC
SCR
Application of semiconductor devices

Practical Exercise: live trouble shooting/ repair of various faults in 4KVA inverter, components replace in various capacity inverters

TRAINING DAY 03

INTRODUCTIONS TO ELECTRONIC CIRCUIT DESIGN

Introduction to SMPS (switch mode power supply)
Analysis and design of simple rectifiers’ circuit
Simple 500w inverter design

Practical Exercise: design of a simple rectifier and voltage regulators

TRAINING DAY 04

LOGIC

TRAINING DAY5

SUMMARY AND REVISION OF POWER ELECTRONICS

WEEK 3

TRAINING DAY 01

ELECTRICAL SOURCES

EMF, Voltage and Current
DC and AC sources of Electricity
Series and Parallel of DC Electricity circuit
Combining Series & Parallel Circuits

Practical Exercise: Use of Multimeter in measuring current and Voltage of systems.

Simple Parallel and Series of electrical circuit.

TRAINING DAY 02

Capacitors

Capacitance
Types of Capacitor
Charging and Discharging of Capacitor
Series-Parallel combination of capacitors

TRAINING DAY 03

BASIC LAWS OF ELECTRICITY

Ohm’s Law – Power, Current, Voltage relationship
Kirchhoff’s law
Wheatstone Bridge

TRAINING DAY 04

REVISION OF SUMMARY OF WEEK 3

TRAINING DAY5

PRACTICALS AND ASSESMENT

WEEK 4

TRAINING DAY 01

LOAD AND POWER ESTIMATIONS

Power auditing
Ratings of basic appliances

TRAINING DAY 02

WIRING FUNDMAENTALS

Cables and Wire sizing
cable technical parameter understanding and data sheet reading
Understanding of cable testing and equipment's used
Cable termination and its accessories
Earthing
Symbols and terminologies
Over view of different type of earthing and its application
Types of Earthing strip/ ground conductor
Importance of Earthing and Lightening of solar power plant
Type of lightening arrester
Basic Consideration for Protection

TRAINING DAY 03

METHODS OF ELECTRICAL WIRING

Joint box system or Tee system
Loop – in system
Advantages and Disadvantages of each system

TRAINING DAY 04

TYPES OF ELECTRICAL WIRING SYSTEMS

Cleat wiring
Wooden casing and capping wiring
CTS or TRS or PVC sheath wiring
Lead sheathed or metal sheathed wiring
Conduit wiring

TRAINING DAY5

PRACTICALS AND ASSESMENT

MODULE 3: INTRODUCTION TO RENEWABLE ENERGY AND SOLAR TECHNOLOGY – 1 WEEK

WEEK 5

TRAINING DAY 01

INTRODUCTION TO RENEWABLE ENERGY

Solar energy
Wind and solar integration
Geothermal
Hydroelectricity
Introduction of various component used in plant and its important

TRAINING DAY 2

PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY

Various manufacturing process
Review of Semiconductor Physics: Electrons and holes in semiconductors, doping, electrical
Junctions; p-n, p-I-n and metal semiconductor contacts, band bending, Ohmic and rectifying
PV module and its parameter
Learn different types of solar panel and their applications:
Crystalline Silicon and mono Solar cells: Single, tandem and multi-junction solar cells
Thin Film Solar cells: Amorphous silicon, cadmium telluride and copper indium gallium
Solar sizing for household/commercial use
Effects of shading on solar energy generation
Understanding of standard test condition
PV module string connection
STC (Standard Test Conditions) and labelling

Practical Exercise: Live demonstration of the effects of shading and temperature on PV system performance

TRAINING DAY 3

SOLAR SYSTEM DESIGN AND APPLICATIONS

Types of solar system design

Standalone/off grid system design
Hybrid and Storage solar power plant
Grid tied solar power plant

Examine basic components for electrical and PV systems including racking, RSDs, and building entrance methods

Discuss the need to understand the following factors and how they apply to PV systems and yearly energy production:

Azimuth (orientation) o Magnetic declination o Tilt angle

Shading, debris, other losses

Roof type (material and condition) o Roof structure

Practical Exercise: Practical demonstration of simple standalone/hybrid design

TRAINING DAY 3

CHARGE CONTROLLERS AND APPLICATIONS

MPPT charge controllers
PWM charge controllers,
Their applications and installation.
Parallel connections of controllers
Combiner boxes and application

Practical Exercise: Practical demonstration of cascading various charge controllers to improve performance and the use of combiner box

TRAINING DAY 4

INTRODUCTION TO ENERGY STORAGE

Batteries

Battery Types: Deep Cycle Batteries,
Lead acid
Sodium-battery
Magnesium battery
Aluminium battery
Silicon battery
Nickel Metal Hydride Battery
Advance lead-acid batteries
Lithium – ion

Practical Exercise: Practical demonstration of battery various battery installation types; series, parallel and series-parallel connections

TRAINING DAY 5

INVERTER SYSTEMS AND WORKING OPERARTIONS

Types of solar inverter and PCS.
Inverter Types; sine wave, square wave, modified sine wave etc and their performance
Grid-Connected Inverters vs. Stand-Alone Inverters
Features & Technical Specifications
inverter sizing
Inverter KVA/KW ratings
Inverter power factor

Tools and Equipment used for Solar & Inverters

Tools and equipment used for Solar and Inverter Measurements

Practical Exercise: Using Multimeter and Clamp Multimeter, Voltage and Current measurements from battery and Solar panels

MODULE 4: SOLAR/INVERTER SYSTEM DESIGN AND INSTALLATION – 1 WEEK

WEEK 6

TRAINING DAY1

BASIC OF ELECTRICITY REVISION

Define Ac and Dc
Application of Ac and Dc
Practical Measuring Units of Voltage, current, resistance and power
Ohms Law
Energy calculations of various household and industrial load

Types of Solar Energy Installations.

How to make Series and Parallel Installations of Batteries and Panels.
Connecting Charge Controllers Cascading Solar Panels in Series & Parallel, Cascading Batteries.

TRAINING DAY 2

INVERTER INSTALLATION

How to carry out a comprehensive site survey for potential solar installation
Electrical Load Isolation from the Mains Circuit Breaker (MCB),
interfacing the Inverter to the Building,
Connecting the Solar Panels to the Inverter.
Interfacing the Solar Charge Controller to the Inverter, mounting and Installation of solar panels

TRAINING DAY3

Energy Efficiency, Energy Auditing, Introduction to Systems Design: Designs and Installation procedures of inverter systems
Understanding Inverter Specifications & Features, estimating Inverter capacity for specific household or Load requirements,
Basic Inverter standalone tests.
Solar Panel specifications, Estimating Solar and Inverter specifications for a given loads or Power requirements

TRAINING DAY4

Solar Electrical Installation & Electrical Safety: Safety in handling deep cycle batteries (to avoid for e.g. Explosion or fire!). This module of the training teaches all the Electrical safety requirements, for Inverter Installation.

Practical Exercise: Live installation of An Inverter system plus deep cycle batteries

TRAINING DAY 5

Protective Devices in Electronic Circuits

Fuses and its applications
Circuits breakers
Relays and contactors
Ratings of protective devices
how to select the best protective device for your load requirements

Practical Exercise: Practical demonstration on installation of various protective devices

WEEK 07

REVIEW OF TRAINING: General review of entire training.
RECOMMENDED SOFTWARES
ENTREPRENEURIAL STUDIES
PRESENTATION OF CERTIFICATES/AWARDS

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