Wavetra Energy Academy Advanced solar inverter installation training course outline curriculum

Wavetra Energy Academy ADVANCED SOLAR TRAINING

COURSE OUTLINE


Learning Outcomes:

We hope that at the end of this course, you the participant will understand basic electrical concepts and electrical system installation and also learn how to install solar panels, Inverters, batteries and the complete system. You will also learn the trouble shooting, repair and diagnosis of the Solar charge controller, Inverter, solar panels and deep cycle batteries. We want to launch you into a powerful career in renewable energy and because of that, we are giving out additional during the training and we shall take you through the principles of solar technology with great EMPHASIS on the practical/hands-on training on how to install a complete solar system. We shall also teach you the BUSINESS side of this amazing technology.

At the end of the course, you would be able to do the following:

WHAT YOU'LL LEARN:

SOLAR:

  1. How to install Solar Panels for clients/Practical Hand-on Training on ON- GRID, OFF -GRID and GRID - TIE SYSTEM
  2. Understand and identify the various types of Solar Panels: Polycrystalline, Amorphous & Monocrystalline Technologies.
  3. Sizing of solar panels
  4. Parallel, series and parallel-series connection of panels
  5. Understanding, sizing and installation of solar charge controllers
  6. Roof mounting techniques and accessories
  7. Energy Efficiency, Energy Auditing, System design

 

INVERTER/BATTERY SYSTEM:

 

  1. Inverter/Trouble shooting techniques
  2. How to repair Inverters – board replacement and components repair techniques
  3. Understand Inverter Load & Power Estimations & Calculations
  4. Learn about Battery technology and types of batteries
  5. Understand Types of Inverter and specification
  6. Basic semiconductor devices
  7. Introduction to electronic circuit design
  8. How to write Solar Business proposal
  9. Acquire entrepreneurial skills on how to launch your own career in Solar/Renewable energy.

 

SOFTWARE:

  1. Google SketchUp application
  2. Solar installation applications
  3. Digital Marketing Introduction

 

Target audience:

This course is aimed at college Students, graduates, NYSC members, Engineers, Home owners, Architects, Property Developers, Consultants, anyone that has interest in Renewable energy or who want, to have a good understanding of Solar Photovoltaic.

 

Prerequisites:

A basic knowledge of O’Level Physics, electricity or experience of renewable energy is an advantage.

A basic knowledge of electrical engineering will be an advantage, but it is not compulsory for the participation to the course.

 

 

MODULE 1: ELECTRICAL SAFETY – 1 WEEK

 

 

WEEK 1

INTRODUCTION TO ELECTRICAL SAFETY METHODS AND TOOLS

TRAINING DAY 1

  • Basics of Safety
  • Preparing for Hazards in the workplace
  • Step Voltage due to Lightening
  • Fighting Electrical fires

TRAINING DAY 2

  • Electrical shocks
  • Artificial Respiration methods
  • Lifting and shifting of Equipment
  • Personal safety and Emergence response
  • Personnel protection and common hazards
  • Emergency response procedures

TRAINING DAY 3

  • Different tools & tackles used for specific purpose in an installation and maintenance of Solar PV and electrical system
  • Identify Tools & Tackles used for civil/mechanical installation
  • Understand the Typical faults, their causes and resolution for all components
  • continuity checks, polarity check, Voltage, Current, DC and AC Power. Measurement of
  • Electrical Quantities and other O&M activities

TRAINING DAY 4

  • Over view of Personal and site Safety
  • Understand the DO’s and Don’ts of material handling;
  • Potential risk in solar PV plant and its individual component
  • Understand Occupational health & Safety standards and regulations for installation of solar PV system and electrical system

TRAINING DAY 5

  • Revision
  • Practical Demonstration

 

 

MODULE 2: BASICS OF ELECTRICAL POWER AND TECHNOLOGY – 3 WEEKS

 

 

WEEK 2

TRAINING DAY 01

BASIC POWER ELECTRONICS AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES

  • Passive and active components in UPS, and stabilizers
  • Testing of components with a digital multi –meter in Inverters
  • Identification of components in circuit diagram and replacements
  • Use of soldering Iron and Temperature Regulators
  • MOSFETs and its applications
  • Capacitors and its applications

Practical Exercise: physical identification of components and their numbers/ratings

TRAINING DAY 02

Resistors and Colour Codes

  • Resistor and capacitor rating and tolerance

Basic Semiconductor Devices

  • MOSFETs
  • DIAC
  • TRIAC
  • SCR
  • Application of semiconductor devices

Practical Exercise: live trouble shooting/ repair of various faults in 4KVA inverter, components replace in various capacity inverters

TRAINING DAY 03

INTRODUCTIONS TO ELECTRONIC CIRCUIT DESIGN

  • Introduction to SMPS (switch mode power supply)
  • Analysis and design of simple rectifiers’ circuit
  • Simple 500w inverter design

Practical Exercise: design of a simple rectifier and voltage regulators

TRAINING DAY 04

LOGIC

TRAINING DAY5

SUMMARY AND REVISION OF POWER ELECTRONICS

 

 

 

WEEK 3

TRAINING DAY 01

ELECTRICAL SOURCES

  • EMF, Voltage and Current
  • DC and AC sources of Electricity
  • Series and Parallel of DC Electricity circuit
  • Combining Series & Parallel Circuits

Practical Exercise: Use of Multimeter in measuring current and Voltage of systems.

Simple Parallel and Series of electrical circuit.

TRAINING DAY 02

Capacitors

  • Capacitance
  • Types of Capacitor
  • Charging and Discharging of Capacitor
  • Series-Parallel combination of capacitors

TRAINING DAY 03

BASIC LAWS OF ELECTRICITY

  • Ohm’s Law – Power, Current, Voltage relationship
  • Kirchhoff’s law
  • Wheatstone Bridge

 

TRAINING DAY 04

REVISION OF SUMMARY OF WEEK 3

TRAINING DAY5

PRACTICALS AND ASSESMENT

 

 

WEEK 4

TRAINING DAY 01

LOAD AND POWER ESTIMATIONS

  • Power auditing
  • Ratings of basic appliances

TRAINING DAY 02

WIRING FUNDMAENTALS

  • Cables and Wire sizing
  • cable technical parameter understanding and data sheet reading
  • Understanding of cable testing and equipment's used
  • Cable termination and its accessories
  • Earthing
  • Symbols and terminologies
  • Over view of different type of earthing and its application
  • Types of Earthing strip/ ground conductor
  • Importance of Earthing and Lightening of solar power plant
  • Type of lightening arrester
  • Basic Consideration for Protection

TRAINING DAY 03

METHODS OF ELECTRICAL WIRING

  • Joint box system or Tee system
  • Loop – in system
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of each system

TRAINING DAY 04

TYPES OF ELECTRICAL WIRING SYSTEMS

  • Cleat wiring
  • Wooden casing and capping wiring
  • CTS or TRS or PVC sheath wiring
  • Lead sheathed or metal sheathed wiring
  • Conduit wiring

TRAINING DAY5

PRACTICALS AND ASSESMENT

 

 

MODULE 3: INTRODUCTION TO RENEWABLE ENERGY AND SOLAR TECHNOLOGY – 1 WEEK

 

 

WEEK 5

TRAINING DAY 01

INTRODUCTION TO RENEWABLE ENERGY

  • Solar energy
  • Wind and solar integration
  • Geothermal
  • Hydroelectricity
  • Introduction of various component used in plant and its important

TRAINING DAY 2

PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY

  • Various manufacturing process
  • Review of Semiconductor Physics: Electrons and holes in semiconductors, doping, electrical
  • Junctions; p-n, p-I-n and metal semiconductor contacts, band bending, Ohmic and rectifying
  • PV module and its parameter
  • Learn different types of solar panel and their applications:
  • Crystalline Silicon and mono Solar cells: Single, tandem and multi-junction solar cells
  • Thin Film Solar cells: Amorphous silicon, cadmium telluride and copper indium gallium
  • Solar sizing for household/commercial use
  • Effects of shading on solar energy generation
  • Understanding of standard test condition
  • PV module string connection
  • STC (Standard Test Conditions) and labelling

Practical Exercise:  Live demonstration of the effects of shading and temperature on PV system performance

TRAINING DAY 3

SOLAR SYSTEM DESIGN AND APPLICATIONS

Types of solar system design

  • Standalone/off grid system design
  • Hybrid and Storage solar power plant
  • Grid tied solar power plant

Examine basic components for electrical and PV systems including racking, RSDs, and building entrance methods

  • Discuss the need to understand the following factors and how they apply to PV systems and yearly energy production:

 

Azimuth (orientation) o Magnetic declination o Tilt angle

 

Shading, debris, other losses

Roof type (material and condition) o Roof structure

 

Practical Exercise: Practical demonstration of simple standalone/hybrid design

 

TRAINING DAY 3

CHARGE CONTROLLERS AND APPLICATIONS

  • MPPT charge controllers
  • PWM charge controllers,
  • Their applications and installation.
  • Parallel connections of controllers
  • Combiner boxes and application

Practical Exercise: Practical demonstration of cascading various charge controllers to improve performance and the use of combiner box

TRAINING DAY 4

INTRODUCTION TO ENERGY STORAGE

Batteries

  • Battery Types: Deep Cycle Batteries,
  • Lead acid
  • Sodium-battery
  • Magnesium battery
  • Aluminium battery
  • Silicon battery
  • Nickel Metal Hydride Battery
  • Advance lead-acid batteries
  • Lithium – ion

Practical Exercise: Practical demonstration of battery various battery installation types; series, parallel and series-parallel connections

TRAINING DAY 5

INVERTER SYSTEMS AND WORKING OPERARTIONS

  • Types of solar inverter and PCS.
  • Inverter Types; sine wave, square wave, modified sine wave etc and their performance
  • Grid-Connected Inverters vs. Stand-Alone Inverters
  • Features & Technical Specifications
  • inverter sizing
  • Inverter KVA/KW ratings
  • Inverter power factor

Tools and Equipment used for Solar & Inverters

  • Tools and equipment used for Solar and Inverter Measurements

Practical Exercise: Using Multimeter and Clamp Multimeter, Voltage and Current measurements from battery and Solar panels

 

 

MODULE 4: SOLAR/INVERTER SYSTEM DESIGN AND INSTALLATION – 1 WEEK

 

 

WEEK 6

 

TRAINING DAY1

BASIC OF ELECTRICITY REVISION

  • Define Ac and Dc
  • Application of Ac and Dc
  • Practical Measuring Units of Voltage, current, resistance and power
  • Ohms Law
  • Energy calculations of various household and industrial load

Types of Solar Energy Installations.

  • How to make Series and Parallel Installations of Batteries and Panels.
  • Connecting Charge Controllers Cascading Solar Panels in Series & Parallel, Cascading Batteries.

TRAINING DAY 2

INVERTER INSTALLATION

  • How to carry out a comprehensive site survey for potential solar installation
  • Electrical Load Isolation from the Mains Circuit Breaker (MCB),
  • interfacing the Inverter to the Building,
  • Connecting the Solar Panels to the Inverter.
  • Interfacing the Solar Charge Controller to the Inverter, mounting and Installation of solar panels

TRAINING DAY3

  • Energy Efficiency, Energy Auditing, Introduction to Systems Design: Designs and Installation procedures of inverter systems
  • Understanding Inverter Specifications & Features, estimating Inverter capacity for specific household or Load requirements,
  • Basic Inverter standalone tests.
  • Solar Panel specifications, Estimating Solar and Inverter specifications for a given loads or Power requirements

TRAINING DAY4

  • Solar Electrical Installation & Electrical Safety: Safety in handling deep cycle batteries (to avoid for e.g. Explosion or fire!). This module of the training teaches all the Electrical safety requirements, for Inverter Installation.

 

Practical Exercise: Live installation of An Inverter system plus deep cycle batteries

TRAINING DAY 5

Protective Devices in Electronic Circuits

  • Fuses and its applications
  • Circuits breakers
  • Relays and contactors
  • Ratings of protective devices
  • how to select the best protective device for your load requirements

Practical Exercise: Practical demonstration on installation of various protective devices

 

WEEK 07

  • REVIEW OF TRAINING: General review of entire training.
  • RECOMMENDED SOFTWARES
  • ENTREPRENEURIAL STUDIES
  • PRESENTATION OF CERTIFICATES/AWARDS

 

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